Sandwiched between the rivers Varuna and Ashi as they join the Ganges, Varanasi takes its name from its location. It is also called Kashi, the city of light, but the British, in an endeavor to simplify matters, had coined their own name for the placeBenaras. Varanasi is the city of a thousand temples. The main object of all devotees is the Kasi Vishwanath Temple. According to Hindu belief, Benaras or Varanasi as it is known, is the cosmic center of the Universe. The renowned American novelist Mark Twain once wrote, "Benaras is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together."
Temples form the major source of attraction in this ancient city. The banks
of the Ganges, considered to be a sacred river by the Hindus, are
the centre of much of the religious activity that occurs in the
city. The ghats built along the banks of the river for such
religious activity also form a major source of attraction here.
Alamgir Mosque is a blend of the Hindu and Mughal styles of the
architecture. The Durga Temple is built in the North Indian style
with an ornate shikhara, consisting of five segments symbolizing the
elements and supported by finely carved columns. The Vishwanath
Temple, built by the Birlas, was planned by Pandit Madan Mohan
Malaviya. The Bharat Mata Temple houses, instead of gods and
goddesses, a huge relief map in marble of the whole of Indian
subcontinent and Tibetan plateau. The Tulsi Manas Temple, built in
1964, is dedicated to Lord Rama. The Banaras Hindu University, built
in 1917, is one of the oldest educational centres in India. The
Archaeological Museum, located at Sarnath, houses the capitol from
the Ashokan pillar besides the figures and the sculptures from the
Mauryan, Kushana and Gupta periods. The Ghats Of
In this ancient city of pilgrimage, the bathing
ghats are main attraction. People flock here in large numbers every
day to take bath and worship in the temples built beside the river
bank. Centuries old tradition to offer puja to the rising Sun is
still maintained.Bharat Mata Temple
temple is dedicated to Mother India. Just one kilometer from the
Varanasi station. The temple is built in the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi
Vidyapeeth which was built by Babu Shiv Prasad Gupt. This temple was
inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936 so that the citizens could
respect Mother India in statue form. The statute is built in marble.
The statue is a replica of undivided India in three dimension which
has the mountains, plains and oceans in right proportion.How
- By Air
Varanasi is well connected to
Bhubaneshwar, Lucknow, Agra & Delhi.
- By Rail
Varanasi is connected by rail with all
the major cities.
- By Road
Agra- 610 kms, Allahabad- 127 kms, Bodh
Gaya- 240 kms, Gorakhpur- 215 kms, Khajuraho- 406 kms,
Kushinagar- 260 kms, Lucknow- 320 kms, Lumbini- 320 kms, Patna-
270 kms Calcutta- 681 kms, Bombay- 1550 kms, Delhi- 710 kms etc.