temples are a World Heritage site. The epochal creations are an
unsurpassed Indian contribution to human civilisation. These temples
completed a thousand years of their existence in 1999. Khajuraho
temples were built in around 1000 AD by Chandravarman, the founder
of Chandela dynasty.
Legend has it that the emperor
was sired by none other than the Moon God. Hemwati, daughter of a
brahmin priest, was seduced by the moon god when she was bathing in
a lake by the forest. Unable to face the scorn of the society, she
took refuge in the dense forests of Central India. There she gave
birth to her love child. She was her son's guru, his guide.
it is said, Chandravarman had a dream where his mother instructed
him to reveal human passions to the world and thus prove their
emptiness. Inspired thus, the king decided to build the temples that
would depict different faces of desire.
Built in the
north Indian Nagara style the stones were given form to human
emotion in the form of spiritual and physical love. The basic ground
plan of the Khajuraho temples followed a typical Hindu temple
architecture that consisted of four compartments
- An entrance
- The vestibule (antarala)
- The sanctum
In some of the large temples an extra
Mandap with lateral transepts is added for size and splendorThe
temples are divided into three groups:
How to Reach
- The Western Group
It is the largest, compact and
centrally located group in Khajuraho, includes some of the most
prominent monuments, built by the Chandela rulers. The Lakshmana
Temple, the Matangesvara Temple and the Varaha Temple form one
complex and the Visvanatha and Nandi temples are not far from
this complex. These temples form an irregular row running
north-south, while the Chitragupta, Jagadambi and the Kandariya
Mahadeva temples form a more regular, parallel row, about a
furlong to their west.
- The Eastern Group
It comprises of five detached
sub-groups in and around the present village of Khajuraho. The
eastern group of monuments, situated in close proximity to the
Khajuraho village, includes three Brahmanical temples known as
Brahma, Vamana and Javari and three Jain temples, the Ghantai,
Adinath and Parsvanath.
- The Southern Group
It is the most distant one
comprising of two main monuments near and across the Khudarnala.
The southern group of monuments comprises the Duladeo and the
Chaturbhuja temples. The Duladeo is about a kilometre south of
the Khajuraho village and half a mile southwest of the Jain
group of temples. The Chaturbhuja Temple is a mile further south
and is close to the Khajuraho airpor
Khajuraho has an airport that links it
with Delhi, Agra, Varanasi and Kathmandu. The nearest railheads are
Mahoba (64 km), Harpalpur (94 km), Jhansi (175 km) and Satna
(117km). Bus services link Khajuraho with all major towns.